Research Article
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The Relationship Between Sleep Quality and Fear of Death And Socio-Demographic Factors in Middle-Age and Above Individuals Applied to the Hospital

Year 2022, Volume 13, Issue 1, 82 - 89, 01.01.2022
https://doi.org/10.31067/acusaglik.996680

Abstract

Objective: In this study, it was aimed to reveal the relationship between sleep quality, fear of death and socio-demographic factors in middle-aged and older individuals who applied to the hospital. Materials and Methods: This descriptive study was conducted by giving a questionnaire to middle-aged and older individuals who agreed to participate in the study, who were hospitalized in the Health Practice and Research Center of a state university in the Central Anatolia Region. Data Collection Form, Thorson-Powell Death Anxiety Scale and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PUKI) were used for all middle-aged and older individuals who agreed to participate in the study. A total of 100 individuals participated. The socio-demographic characteristics of the elderly who participated in the study were indicated by numbers and percentages. Student t test, Anova and analysis of variance were used to compare the scores obtained from the scales. Results: 38% of the individuals participating in the study are in the 45-64 age group, 36% are in the 65-74 age group, and 26% are in the 75 and over age group. 78% of them reported that they have a drug that they use regularly. In the correlation analysis, a weak linear correlation was found between DAS score (high score indicates increased fear of death) and PUKI in the opposite direction (r=-0.216) and economic level perception (r= 0.238). In the correlation analysis, there was an inverse relationship between PUKI score (high score indicates increased sleep problem) and DAS, poor (r=-0.216), perception of quality of life, perception of health status, perception of adaptation to life, perceived age, education level and perception of economic level. There was a weak linear correlation between the number of chronic diseases (r= 0.301) and the number of chronic diseases (p<0.05). Conclusion: According to the correlation analysis, there is a weak correlation between death anxiety and sleep quality in the opposite direction.

References

  • 1. Aslan, M., & Hocaoğlu, Ç. (2017). Psychiatric problems associated with aging and the aging period. Journal of Duzce University Institute of Health Sciences, 7(1), 53-62.
  • 2. Mollahaliloğlu, S., Hülür, Ü., Yardım, N., Özbay, H., Çaylan, A. K., Ünüvar, N., & Aydın, S. (2007). Overview of health in Turkey 2007. Ankara. Squad Offset Printing.
  • 3. Akdemir, N., Bostanoğlu, H., Yurtsever, S., Kutlutürkan, S., Kapucu, S., & Özer, Z. C. (2011). Home care service requirements for bedridden patients' health problems at home. Dicle Medical Journal, 38(1).
  • 4. Karakuş, G,Öztürk, Z, Tamam, L . (2012). Death and Death Anxiety. Archive Source Review Journal, 21 (1), 42-79. Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/aktd/issue/2213/29402
  • 5. Jung GC. Ruh ve ölüm. In: Gürol E, Ed. Analytical Psychology, Istanbul: Payel Publishing House, 1997.
  • 6. Öz, F., & Svvift, J. (2002). Last Stage of Life: A Psychosocial Review of Old Age. Crisis journal, 10(2), 17-28.
  • 7. Özen, D. (2008). The effect of death anxiety on daily living functions in elderly people living in nursing homes (Doctoral dissertation, Institute of Health Sciences).
  • 8. Gulia, K. K., & Kumar, V. M. (2018). Sleep disorders in the elderly: a growing challenge. Psychogeriatrics, 18(3), 155-165.
  • 9. Benington, J. H., & Frank, M. G. (2003). Cellular and molecular links between sleep and synaptic plasticity. Progress in neurobiology, 69(2), 71-101.
  • 10. Kaya, E. (2020). Evaluation of Fibromyalgia Patients in terms of Depression, Anxiety Disorder and Sleep Disorder.
  • 11. Örnek, T., Bayraktar, E., Özmen E., Geriatric Psychiatry, 1st Edition, Saray Medical Bookstores, İzmir, 1992, ss: 111-125.
  • 12. Öztürk, M.O., Mental Health and Disorders, 7th Edition, Physicians Publishing Union, Ankara, 1997, ss: 363-369.
  • 13. Karaca F, Yıldız. Thorson-Powell The validity and reliability study of the Turkish translation of the Death Anxiety Scale in the normal population Tabula-Rasa, 2001; 1(1): 43-55.
  • 14. Thorson, J.A. and Powell, F.C. (1994). A revised death anxiety scale. In Death Anxiety Handbook Research. Instrumentation, and Application (Ed. R.A. Neimeyer). Taylor and Francis, Washington. (pp.31-43).
  • 15. Buysse DJ, Reynolds CF, Monk TH. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index: a new instrument for psychiatric practice and research. Psychiatry Res 1989; 28:193- 213
  • 16. Ağargün MY, Kara H, Anlar O. Pittsburgh Uyku Kalitesi İndeksi’nin Geçerliği ve Güvenirliği. Turk Psikiyatri Derg 1996; 7:107-11.
  • 17. Yılmaz, Hikmet, et al. " Treatment Guidelines for Sleep Disorders." (2014).
  • 18. Kalaoğlu Öztürk, Z. (2010). Death Anxiety in Elderly Individuals. Specialization Thesis, Çukurova University Faculty of Medicine, Adana.
  • 19. Akçay, S. & Kurt Magrebi, T. (2020). Investigation of Death Anxiety and Depression Levels Related to Death of the Elderly Living in Nursing Homes. Electronic Journal of Social Sciences, 19 (76), 2100-2118. DOI: 10.17755/esosder.631336
  • 20. Top, F. Ü., Saraç, A., & Yaşar, G. (2010). Determination of depression level, death anxiety and daily life functions in individuals living in nursing homes. Clinical Psychiatry, 13, 14-22.
  • 21. Fadıloğlu Ç, Tokem Y. The role of the nurse in geriatric rehabilitation. Turkish Journal of Geriatrics 2004; 7:241-246
  • 22. Arslan S, Fadıloğlu Ç. The effect of sleep problems on quality of life in cancer. Journal of Research and Development in Nursing 2009; 2:16-27
  • 23. Ekici, O. (2021). Relationship Between Chronic Pain and Sleep Quality in Patients with Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction/Temporomandibular The Relationship between Chronic Pain and Sleep Quality in Patients with Joint Dysfunction. Journal of Turkish Sleep Medicine, 8(1), 67-73.
  • 24. Ersoy, E., & Mercan, Y. (2021). Risk Factors for Obstructive Sleep Apnea and the Association of Obstructive Sleep Apnea with Daytime Sleepiness, Obesity and Comorbidity/Obstruktif Risk Factors in Sleep Apnea, The Relationship between Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Daytime Sleepiness, Obesity and Comorbidity. Journal of Turkish Sleep Medicine, 8(1), 20-28.
  • 25. Ulusoy, M. N., & Kukulu, K. (2013). Relationship between sleep problems and menopause in women. Gumushane University Journal of Health Sciences, 2(2), 206-213.
  • 26. Bilgili, N., Kitiş, Y., & Ayaz Alkaya, Sultan (2012). Evaluation of loneliness, sleep quality and affecting factors in the elderly. Türk Geriatri Dergisi, 15(1), 81-88.
  • 27. Önal, A. E., Şeker, Ş., Temizkan, N., Kaya Cebioğlu, İ. R. E. M., Tezoğlu, C., Gür Önelge, S., & Güngör, G. (2012). Sleep problems and related factors in old age: + 65 active aging project results.Türk Geriatri Dergisi, 15(4), 390-395.
  • 28. Çağlayan Ç, Yılmaz F. Effects of healthy lifestyle on quality of life in the elderly. Turkish Journal of Family Physicians 2016; 20:129–40. [CrossRef]
  • 29. Kankaya H, Karadakovan A. The effect of daily living activity levels on quality of life and life satisfaction in elderly individuals. GÜBD 2017; 6:21–9. Erişim: https://dergipark.org.tr/download/ article-file/370981
  • 30. Pekçetin, S., & Özgü, İ. N. A. L. (2019). The Relationship of Sleep Quality with Fatigue and Quality of Life in Elderly Individuals. Acıbadem University Journal of Health Sciences (4), 604-608.

Year 2022, Volume 13, Issue 1, 82 - 89, 01.01.2022
https://doi.org/10.31067/acusaglik.996680

Abstract

References

  • 1. Aslan, M., & Hocaoğlu, Ç. (2017). Psychiatric problems associated with aging and the aging period. Journal of Duzce University Institute of Health Sciences, 7(1), 53-62.
  • 2. Mollahaliloğlu, S., Hülür, Ü., Yardım, N., Özbay, H., Çaylan, A. K., Ünüvar, N., & Aydın, S. (2007). Overview of health in Turkey 2007. Ankara. Squad Offset Printing.
  • 3. Akdemir, N., Bostanoğlu, H., Yurtsever, S., Kutlutürkan, S., Kapucu, S., & Özer, Z. C. (2011). Home care service requirements for bedridden patients' health problems at home. Dicle Medical Journal, 38(1).
  • 4. Karakuş, G,Öztürk, Z, Tamam, L . (2012). Death and Death Anxiety. Archive Source Review Journal, 21 (1), 42-79. Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/aktd/issue/2213/29402
  • 5. Jung GC. Ruh ve ölüm. In: Gürol E, Ed. Analytical Psychology, Istanbul: Payel Publishing House, 1997.
  • 6. Öz, F., & Svvift, J. (2002). Last Stage of Life: A Psychosocial Review of Old Age. Crisis journal, 10(2), 17-28.
  • 7. Özen, D. (2008). The effect of death anxiety on daily living functions in elderly people living in nursing homes (Doctoral dissertation, Institute of Health Sciences).
  • 8. Gulia, K. K., & Kumar, V. M. (2018). Sleep disorders in the elderly: a growing challenge. Psychogeriatrics, 18(3), 155-165.
  • 9. Benington, J. H., & Frank, M. G. (2003). Cellular and molecular links between sleep and synaptic plasticity. Progress in neurobiology, 69(2), 71-101.
  • 10. Kaya, E. (2020). Evaluation of Fibromyalgia Patients in terms of Depression, Anxiety Disorder and Sleep Disorder.
  • 11. Örnek, T., Bayraktar, E., Özmen E., Geriatric Psychiatry, 1st Edition, Saray Medical Bookstores, İzmir, 1992, ss: 111-125.
  • 12. Öztürk, M.O., Mental Health and Disorders, 7th Edition, Physicians Publishing Union, Ankara, 1997, ss: 363-369.
  • 13. Karaca F, Yıldız. Thorson-Powell The validity and reliability study of the Turkish translation of the Death Anxiety Scale in the normal population Tabula-Rasa, 2001; 1(1): 43-55.
  • 14. Thorson, J.A. and Powell, F.C. (1994). A revised death anxiety scale. In Death Anxiety Handbook Research. Instrumentation, and Application (Ed. R.A. Neimeyer). Taylor and Francis, Washington. (pp.31-43).
  • 15. Buysse DJ, Reynolds CF, Monk TH. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index: a new instrument for psychiatric practice and research. Psychiatry Res 1989; 28:193- 213
  • 16. Ağargün MY, Kara H, Anlar O. Pittsburgh Uyku Kalitesi İndeksi’nin Geçerliği ve Güvenirliği. Turk Psikiyatri Derg 1996; 7:107-11.
  • 17. Yılmaz, Hikmet, et al. " Treatment Guidelines for Sleep Disorders." (2014).
  • 18. Kalaoğlu Öztürk, Z. (2010). Death Anxiety in Elderly Individuals. Specialization Thesis, Çukurova University Faculty of Medicine, Adana.
  • 19. Akçay, S. & Kurt Magrebi, T. (2020). Investigation of Death Anxiety and Depression Levels Related to Death of the Elderly Living in Nursing Homes. Electronic Journal of Social Sciences, 19 (76), 2100-2118. DOI: 10.17755/esosder.631336
  • 20. Top, F. Ü., Saraç, A., & Yaşar, G. (2010). Determination of depression level, death anxiety and daily life functions in individuals living in nursing homes. Clinical Psychiatry, 13, 14-22.
  • 21. Fadıloğlu Ç, Tokem Y. The role of the nurse in geriatric rehabilitation. Turkish Journal of Geriatrics 2004; 7:241-246
  • 22. Arslan S, Fadıloğlu Ç. The effect of sleep problems on quality of life in cancer. Journal of Research and Development in Nursing 2009; 2:16-27
  • 23. Ekici, O. (2021). Relationship Between Chronic Pain and Sleep Quality in Patients with Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction/Temporomandibular The Relationship between Chronic Pain and Sleep Quality in Patients with Joint Dysfunction. Journal of Turkish Sleep Medicine, 8(1), 67-73.
  • 24. Ersoy, E., & Mercan, Y. (2021). Risk Factors for Obstructive Sleep Apnea and the Association of Obstructive Sleep Apnea with Daytime Sleepiness, Obesity and Comorbidity/Obstruktif Risk Factors in Sleep Apnea, The Relationship between Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Daytime Sleepiness, Obesity and Comorbidity. Journal of Turkish Sleep Medicine, 8(1), 20-28.
  • 25. Ulusoy, M. N., & Kukulu, K. (2013). Relationship between sleep problems and menopause in women. Gumushane University Journal of Health Sciences, 2(2), 206-213.
  • 26. Bilgili, N., Kitiş, Y., & Ayaz Alkaya, Sultan (2012). Evaluation of loneliness, sleep quality and affecting factors in the elderly. Türk Geriatri Dergisi, 15(1), 81-88.
  • 27. Önal, A. E., Şeker, Ş., Temizkan, N., Kaya Cebioğlu, İ. R. E. M., Tezoğlu, C., Gür Önelge, S., & Güngör, G. (2012). Sleep problems and related factors in old age: + 65 active aging project results.Türk Geriatri Dergisi, 15(4), 390-395.
  • 28. Çağlayan Ç, Yılmaz F. Effects of healthy lifestyle on quality of life in the elderly. Turkish Journal of Family Physicians 2016; 20:129–40. [CrossRef]
  • 29. Kankaya H, Karadakovan A. The effect of daily living activity levels on quality of life and life satisfaction in elderly individuals. GÜBD 2017; 6:21–9. Erişim: https://dergipark.org.tr/download/ article-file/370981
  • 30. Pekçetin, S., & Özgü, İ. N. A. L. (2019). The Relationship of Sleep Quality with Fatigue and Quality of Life in Elderly Individuals. Acıbadem University Journal of Health Sciences (4), 604-608.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Public Environmental and Occupational Health
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Nursel ÜSTÜNDAĞ ÖCAL> (Primary Author)
YOZGAT BOZOK ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-4951-0613
Türkiye


Sevda YAMAN>
YOZGAT BOZOK UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-2140-0121
Türkiye


Mahmut KILIÇ>
YOZGAT BOZOK ÜNİVERSİTESİ, TIP FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0002-8921-1597
Türkiye


Güllü USLUKILIÇ>
YOZGAT BOZOK UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-8085-7826
Türkiye


Şerife OK>
YOZGAT BOZOK UNIVERSITY, .
0000-0003-3921-8026
Türkiye

Supporting Institution none
Early Pub Date October 14, 2021
Publication Date January 1, 2022
Application Date September 16, 2021
Acceptance Date October 31, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 13, Issue 1

Cite

EndNote %0 Acıbadem Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi The Relationship Between Sleep Quality and Fear of Death And Socio-Demographic Factors in Middle-Age and Above Individuals Applied to the Hospital %A Nursel Üstündağ Öcal , Sevda Yaman , Mahmut Kılıç , Güllü Uslukılıç , Şerife Ok %T The Relationship Between Sleep Quality and Fear of Death And Socio-Demographic Factors in Middle-Age and Above Individuals Applied to the Hospital %D 2022 %J Acıbadem Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi %P 1309-470X-1309-5994 %V 13 %N 1 %R doi: 10.31067/acusaglik.996680 %U 10.31067/acusaglik.996680