Research Article
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Effect of Group Reminiscence Therapy on the Loneliness, Depression and Life Satisfaction of the Elderly in the Nursing Homes

Year 2022, Volume 13, Issue 3, 394 - 399, 01.07.2022
https://doi.org/10.31067/acusaglik.1032196

Abstract

Objective: The study aimed to examine the effect of group reminiscence therapy among elderly people who living nursing homes. Methods: This randomized controlled trial was performed in two nursing homes in Turkey. A total of 76 elderly recruited the intervention group (n= 37) and the control group (n=39). The intervention group received reminiscence therapy in the form of group sessions lasting 30-45 minutes once a week for six weeks. The control group had no application. Data were collected using a socio-demographic form, the Loneliness Scale, Beck Depression Scale, and Life Satisfaction Scale. Results: After reminiscence therapy, Beck Depression Scale and Life Satisfaction Scale mean scores increased in elderly in the intervention group (p<0.05), but there were no significant differences for the UCLA Loneliness Scale mean scores (p>0.05). Conclusion: At the end of the study, reminiscence therapy was found to be a useful method for reducing depression and increasing life satisfaction in elderly.

References

  • 1. Amzat IH and Jayawardena P. Emotional loneliness and coping strategies: a reference to older Malaysians at nursing homes. Journal of Population Ageing. 2016;9(3):227-247. DOI: 10.1007/s12062-015-9135-x
  • 2. Drageset J, Dysvik E, Espehaug B, et al. Suffering and mental health among older people living in nursing homes-a mixed-methods study. PeerJ. 2015;3:e1120. DOI:10.7717/peerj.1120
  • 3. Longden E and Read J. Assessing and reporting the adverse effects of antipsychotic medication: A systematic review of clinical studies, and prospective, retrospective, and cross-sectional research. Clin Neuropharmacol. 2016;39(1):29-39. DOI: 10.1097/WNF.0000000000000117
  • 4. Chen Y, Li X, Pan B, et al. Non pharmacological interventions for older adults with depressive symptoms: a network meta-analysis of 35 randomized controlled trials. Aging & Mental Health. 2021;25(5):773-786. DOI:10.1080/13607863.2019.1704219
  • 5. Stinson CK. Structured group reminiscence: An intervention for older adults. The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing. 2009;40(11):521-528. DOI:10.3928/00220124-20091023-10
  • 6. Yen HY and Lin LJ. A systematic review of reminiscence therapy for older adults in Taiwan. Journal of Nursing Research. 2018;26(2):138-150. DOI:10.1097/jnr.0000000000000233
  • 7. Syed Elias SM, Neville C, Scott T. The effectiveness of group reminiscence therapy for loneliness, anxiety and depression in older adults in long-term care: A systematic review. Geriatric Nursing. 2015;36(5):372-380. DOI:10.1016/j.gerinurse.2015.05.004
  • 8. Woods B, O' Philbin L, Farrell EM, et al. Reminiscence therapy for dementia. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2018;3(3). DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD001120.pub3.
  • 9. Gaggioli A, Scaratti C, Morganti L, et al. Effectiveness of group reminiscence for improving wellbeing of institutionalized elderly adults: Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials. 2014;15(1):408. DOI:10.1186/1745-6215-15-408
  • 10. Tarugu J, Pavithra R, Vinothchandar S, et al. Effectiveness of structured group reminiscence therapy in decreasing the feelings of loneliness, depressive symptoms and anxiety among inmates of a residential home for the elderly in Chittoor district. International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health. 2019;6(2):847-854. DOI:10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20190218
  • 11. Yousefi Z, Sharifi K, Tagharrobi Z, et al. The effect of narrative reminiscence on happiness of elderly women. Iran Red Crescent Med. 2015;17(11):e19612. DOI: 10.5812/ircmj.19612
  • 12. Meléndez JC, Fortuna FB, Sales A, et al. The effects of instrumental reminiscence on resilience and coping in elderly. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics 2015;60(2): 294-298. DOI:10.1016/j.archger.2014.12.001
  • 13. Lok N, Bademli K, Tosun AS. The effect of reminiscence therapy on cognitive functions, depression, and quality of life in Alzheimer patients: Randomized controlled trial. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2019;34(1): 47-53. DOI:10.1002/gps.4980
  • 14. Sivis R. Memory therapy and its place in group psychological counseling with aged adults. Turkish Journal of Psychological Counseling and Guidance. 2016;3(28):129-138.
  • 15. Asiret GD and Kapucu S. The effect of reminiscence therapy on cognition, depression, and activities of daily living for patients with Alzheimer disease. Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology. 2016;29(1):31-37. DOI:10.1177/0891988715598233
  • 16. Gungen C, Ertan T, Eker E, et al. Reliability and validity of the standardized Mini Mental State Examination in the diagnosis of mild dementia in Turkish population. Turkish Journal of Psychiatry. 2002;13(4):273-281.
  • 17. Russell D. UCLA loneliness scale (version 3): Reliability, validity, and factor structure. Journal of Personality Assessment. 1996;66(1):20-40. DOI:10.1207/s15327752jpa6601_2
  • 18. Neugarten BL, Havighurst RJ, Tobin SS. The measurement of life satisfaction. Journal of Gerontology. 1961;16:134-143. DOI:10.1093/geronj/16.2.134
  • 19. Beck AT, Ward CH, Mendelson M, et al. An inventory for measuring depression. Archives of General Psychiatry. 1961;2(4):561-571. DOI: 10.1001/archpsyc.1961.01710120031004
  • 20. Haslam C, Haslam SA, Jetten J, et al. The Social Treatment: The Benefits of Group Interventions in Residential Care Settings. Psychology and Aging. 2010;25(1):157-167. DOI: 10.1037/a0018256
  • 21. Song D, Shen Q, Xu TZ, et al. Effects of group reminiscence on elderly depression: A meta-analysis. International Journal of Nursing Sciences. 2014;1(4):416-422. DOI:10.1016/j.ijnss.2014.10.001
  • 22. Sabir M, Henderson CR, Kang SY, et al. Attachment-focused integrative reminiscence with older African Americans: A randomized controlled intervention study. Aging and Mental Health. 2016;20(5):517-528. DOI:10.1080/13607863.2015.1023764
  • 23. Haslam C, Cruwys T, Haslam SA. “The we's have it”: Evidence for the distinctive benefits of group engagement in enhancing cognitive health in aging. Social Science & Medicine. 2014;120:57-66. DOI:10.1016/j.socscimed.2014.08.037
  • 24. Ching Teng Y, Chia Ju L, Hsiu Yueh L. Effects of structured group reminiscence therapy on the life satisfaction of institutionalized older adults in Taiwan. Social Work in Health Care. 2018;57(8):674-687. DOI: 10.1080/00981389.2018.1475439.
  • 25. Refahi Z, Ghaforiyan A. The effects of the group reminiscence on the self-esteem and life satisfaction elder’s daily centers in Yazd. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Research & Allied Sciences 2016;5(3):535-546.
  • 26. Nooripour R, Ghasemzadeh S, Rahnama F, et al. The Effectiveness of Group Reminiscence on Life Quality, General Health and Loneliness in Elderly. Int. J. AYER. 2015;1: 406–413.
  • 27. Sahu I, Mohanty S, Pahantasingh S. Effect of reminiscence group therapy on depression, self- esteem and loneliness among elderly women residing in old age home. Int J Res Med Sci. 2019;7:3685-90. DOI: 10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20194293. DOI:10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20194293
  • 28. Syead Elias SM, Neville C, Scott T, et al. The effectiveness of spiritual reminiscence therapy for older people with loneliness, anxiety and depression in Malaysia. Journal of Religion, Spirituality & Aging. 2020;32(4):341-356. DOI:10.1080/15528030.2020.1765448
  • 29. Patidar J. The Effectiveness of Reminiscence Therapy for Depression in Older Adults: An Updated Review. Haya: The Saudi Journal of Life Sciences. 2018;3(3):306-310. DOI: 10.21276/haya.2018.3.3.14
  • 30. Liu Z, Yang F, Lou Y, Zhou W, Tong F. The Effectiveness of Reminiscence Therapy on Alleviating Depressive Symptoms in Older Adults: A Systematic Review. Frontiers in Psychology. 2021;12:709853. DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2021.709853

Year 2022, Volume 13, Issue 3, 394 - 399, 01.07.2022
https://doi.org/10.31067/acusaglik.1032196

Abstract

References

  • 1. Amzat IH and Jayawardena P. Emotional loneliness and coping strategies: a reference to older Malaysians at nursing homes. Journal of Population Ageing. 2016;9(3):227-247. DOI: 10.1007/s12062-015-9135-x
  • 2. Drageset J, Dysvik E, Espehaug B, et al. Suffering and mental health among older people living in nursing homes-a mixed-methods study. PeerJ. 2015;3:e1120. DOI:10.7717/peerj.1120
  • 3. Longden E and Read J. Assessing and reporting the adverse effects of antipsychotic medication: A systematic review of clinical studies, and prospective, retrospective, and cross-sectional research. Clin Neuropharmacol. 2016;39(1):29-39. DOI: 10.1097/WNF.0000000000000117
  • 4. Chen Y, Li X, Pan B, et al. Non pharmacological interventions for older adults with depressive symptoms: a network meta-analysis of 35 randomized controlled trials. Aging & Mental Health. 2021;25(5):773-786. DOI:10.1080/13607863.2019.1704219
  • 5. Stinson CK. Structured group reminiscence: An intervention for older adults. The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing. 2009;40(11):521-528. DOI:10.3928/00220124-20091023-10
  • 6. Yen HY and Lin LJ. A systematic review of reminiscence therapy for older adults in Taiwan. Journal of Nursing Research. 2018;26(2):138-150. DOI:10.1097/jnr.0000000000000233
  • 7. Syed Elias SM, Neville C, Scott T. The effectiveness of group reminiscence therapy for loneliness, anxiety and depression in older adults in long-term care: A systematic review. Geriatric Nursing. 2015;36(5):372-380. DOI:10.1016/j.gerinurse.2015.05.004
  • 8. Woods B, O' Philbin L, Farrell EM, et al. Reminiscence therapy for dementia. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2018;3(3). DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD001120.pub3.
  • 9. Gaggioli A, Scaratti C, Morganti L, et al. Effectiveness of group reminiscence for improving wellbeing of institutionalized elderly adults: Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials. 2014;15(1):408. DOI:10.1186/1745-6215-15-408
  • 10. Tarugu J, Pavithra R, Vinothchandar S, et al. Effectiveness of structured group reminiscence therapy in decreasing the feelings of loneliness, depressive symptoms and anxiety among inmates of a residential home for the elderly in Chittoor district. International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health. 2019;6(2):847-854. DOI:10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20190218
  • 11. Yousefi Z, Sharifi K, Tagharrobi Z, et al. The effect of narrative reminiscence on happiness of elderly women. Iran Red Crescent Med. 2015;17(11):e19612. DOI: 10.5812/ircmj.19612
  • 12. Meléndez JC, Fortuna FB, Sales A, et al. The effects of instrumental reminiscence on resilience and coping in elderly. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics 2015;60(2): 294-298. DOI:10.1016/j.archger.2014.12.001
  • 13. Lok N, Bademli K, Tosun AS. The effect of reminiscence therapy on cognitive functions, depression, and quality of life in Alzheimer patients: Randomized controlled trial. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2019;34(1): 47-53. DOI:10.1002/gps.4980
  • 14. Sivis R. Memory therapy and its place in group psychological counseling with aged adults. Turkish Journal of Psychological Counseling and Guidance. 2016;3(28):129-138.
  • 15. Asiret GD and Kapucu S. The effect of reminiscence therapy on cognition, depression, and activities of daily living for patients with Alzheimer disease. Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology. 2016;29(1):31-37. DOI:10.1177/0891988715598233
  • 16. Gungen C, Ertan T, Eker E, et al. Reliability and validity of the standardized Mini Mental State Examination in the diagnosis of mild dementia in Turkish population. Turkish Journal of Psychiatry. 2002;13(4):273-281.
  • 17. Russell D. UCLA loneliness scale (version 3): Reliability, validity, and factor structure. Journal of Personality Assessment. 1996;66(1):20-40. DOI:10.1207/s15327752jpa6601_2
  • 18. Neugarten BL, Havighurst RJ, Tobin SS. The measurement of life satisfaction. Journal of Gerontology. 1961;16:134-143. DOI:10.1093/geronj/16.2.134
  • 19. Beck AT, Ward CH, Mendelson M, et al. An inventory for measuring depression. Archives of General Psychiatry. 1961;2(4):561-571. DOI: 10.1001/archpsyc.1961.01710120031004
  • 20. Haslam C, Haslam SA, Jetten J, et al. The Social Treatment: The Benefits of Group Interventions in Residential Care Settings. Psychology and Aging. 2010;25(1):157-167. DOI: 10.1037/a0018256
  • 21. Song D, Shen Q, Xu TZ, et al. Effects of group reminiscence on elderly depression: A meta-analysis. International Journal of Nursing Sciences. 2014;1(4):416-422. DOI:10.1016/j.ijnss.2014.10.001
  • 22. Sabir M, Henderson CR, Kang SY, et al. Attachment-focused integrative reminiscence with older African Americans: A randomized controlled intervention study. Aging and Mental Health. 2016;20(5):517-528. DOI:10.1080/13607863.2015.1023764
  • 23. Haslam C, Cruwys T, Haslam SA. “The we's have it”: Evidence for the distinctive benefits of group engagement in enhancing cognitive health in aging. Social Science & Medicine. 2014;120:57-66. DOI:10.1016/j.socscimed.2014.08.037
  • 24. Ching Teng Y, Chia Ju L, Hsiu Yueh L. Effects of structured group reminiscence therapy on the life satisfaction of institutionalized older adults in Taiwan. Social Work in Health Care. 2018;57(8):674-687. DOI: 10.1080/00981389.2018.1475439.
  • 25. Refahi Z, Ghaforiyan A. The effects of the group reminiscence on the self-esteem and life satisfaction elder’s daily centers in Yazd. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Research & Allied Sciences 2016;5(3):535-546.
  • 26. Nooripour R, Ghasemzadeh S, Rahnama F, et al. The Effectiveness of Group Reminiscence on Life Quality, General Health and Loneliness in Elderly. Int. J. AYER. 2015;1: 406–413.
  • 27. Sahu I, Mohanty S, Pahantasingh S. Effect of reminiscence group therapy on depression, self- esteem and loneliness among elderly women residing in old age home. Int J Res Med Sci. 2019;7:3685-90. DOI: 10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20194293. DOI:10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20194293
  • 28. Syead Elias SM, Neville C, Scott T, et al. The effectiveness of spiritual reminiscence therapy for older people with loneliness, anxiety and depression in Malaysia. Journal of Religion, Spirituality & Aging. 2020;32(4):341-356. DOI:10.1080/15528030.2020.1765448
  • 29. Patidar J. The Effectiveness of Reminiscence Therapy for Depression in Older Adults: An Updated Review. Haya: The Saudi Journal of Life Sciences. 2018;3(3):306-310. DOI: 10.21276/haya.2018.3.3.14
  • 30. Liu Z, Yang F, Lou Y, Zhou W, Tong F. The Effectiveness of Reminiscence Therapy on Alleviating Depressive Symptoms in Older Adults: A Systematic Review. Frontiers in Psychology. 2021;12:709853. DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2021.709853

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Geriatrics and Gerontology
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Ayşe SEZER BALCI>
MEHMET AKIF ERSOY UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-6520-1669
Türkiye


Nurcan KOLAÇ>
MARMARA UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-8258-0998
Türkiye


Melisa KÖSE>
MARMARA UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-1654-6097
Türkiye


İbrahim SAFA This is me
MARMARA UNIVERSITY
0000-0003-0209-6459
Türkiye


Kerime ÖĞÜT DÜZEN> (Primary Author)
MEHMET AKIF ERSOY UNIVERSITY
0000-0003-4954-9187
Türkiye

Publication Date July 1, 2022
Application Date December 9, 2021
Acceptance Date January 30, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 13, Issue 3

Cite

EndNote %0 Acıbadem Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi Effect of Group Reminiscence Therapy on the Loneliness, Depression and Life Satisfaction of the Elderly in the Nursing Homes %A Ayşe Sezer Balcı , Nurcan Kolaç , Melisa Köse , İbrahim Safa , Kerime Öğüt Düzen %T Effect of Group Reminiscence Therapy on the Loneliness, Depression and Life Satisfaction of the Elderly in the Nursing Homes %D 2022 %J Acıbadem Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi %P 1309-470X-1309-5994 %V 13 %N 3 %R doi: 10.31067/acusaglik.1032196 %U 10.31067/acusaglik.1032196