Objective: In this study, it was aimed to examine some sociodemographic characteristics and state trait anxiety levels of adolescent and adult pregnant women.
Methods: The research was carried out in three health center regions affiliated to Kayseri Melikgazi Health Group Presidency. A total of 2100 births took place in this region of health centers in 2007. By taking the adolescent pregnancy frequency of 10% and the minimum acceptable value of 5%, it was calculated that 138 individuals should be included for the 95% confidence interval with the Epi Info 6.0 program. A total of 300 pregnant women were included in the study. 132 of the pregnants are adolescent pregnants and 168 of them are non-adolescent pregnants. The data were collected by the researcher through face-to-face interviews. Data; It consists of an information form consisting of 23 questions related to sociodemographic characteristics and reproductive health, and State and Trait Anxiety scale questions. The data were transferred to the SPSS program and analyzed. Chi-square and student-t tests were used in the analysis.
Results: When the mean age at marriage was examined, it was found that adolescent pregnant women (16.6± 0.9) were much lower than non-adolescents (20.6± 3.1).All of the spouses of non-adolescent pregnant women are working, and 22.7% of the spouses of adolescent pregnant women do not have a job. At the same time, the monthly average income of non-adolescent pregnant women is higher than that of adolescent pregnant women. The rate of consanguineous marriage in adolescent pregnant women was found to be 28%. The mean of the state and trait anxiety scale is inversely proportional to the education level of the participants, and the mean of the scale decreases as the education level increases. The rate of not completing primary school was quite high in adolescent pregnant women and it was determined as 43.2%. This rate is 4.2% in non-adolescent pregnant women.
Conclusion: Higher anxiety is observed due to the low level of education of pregnant adolescents who have not yet completed their own development.