Research Article
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Evaluation of Sociodemographic Features and Anxiety Levels of Pregnant Adolescent and Adult Pregnancy

Year 2022, Volume 13, Issue 3, 445 - 449, 01.07.2022
https://doi.org/10.31067/acusaglik.1071677

Abstract

ABSTRACT Objective: In this study, it was aimed to examine some sociodemographic characteristics and state trait anxiety levels of adolescent and adult pregnant women. Methods: The research was carried out in three health center regions affiliated to Kayseri Melikgazi Health Group Presidency. A total of 2100 births took place in this region of health centers in 2007. By taking the adolescent pregnancy frequency of 10% and the minimum acceptable value of 5%, it was calculated that 138 individuals should be included for the 95% confidence interval with the Epi Info 6.0 program. A total of 300 pregnant women were included in the study. 132 of the pregnants are adolescent pregnants and 168 of them are non-adolescent pregnants. The data were collected by the researcher through face-to-face interviews. Data; It consists of an information form consisting of 23 questions related to sociodemographic characteristics and reproductive health, and State and Trait Anxiety scale questions. The data were transferred to the SPSS program and analyzed. Chi-square and student-t tests were used in the analysis. Results: When the mean age at marriage was examined, it was found that adolescent pregnant women (16.6± 0.9) were much lower than non-adolescents (20.6± 3.1).All of the spouses of non-adolescent pregnant women are working, and 22.7% of the spouses of adolescent pregnant women do not have a job. At the same time, the monthly average income of non-adolescent pregnant women is higher than that of adolescent pregnant women. The rate of consanguineous marriage in adolescent pregnant women was found to be 28%. The mean of the state and trait anxiety scale is inversely proportional to the education level of the participants, and the mean of the scale decreases as the education level increases. The rate of not completing primary school was quite high in adolescent pregnant women and it was determined as 43.2%. This rate is 4.2% in non-adolescent pregnant women. Conclusion: Higher anxiety is observed due to the low level of education of pregnant adolescents who have not yet completed their own development.

References

  • 1. https://www.who.int/health-topics/adolescent-health#tab=tab_1 Erişim Tarihi: 24.10.2021
  • 2. Kawakita, T., Wilson, K., Grantz, K. L., Landy, H. J., Huang, C. C., & Gomez-Lobo, V. (2016). Adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes in adolescent pregnancy. Journal of pediatric and adolescent gynecology, 29(2), 130-136. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpag.2015.08.006.
  • 3. Ganchimeg, T., Ota, E., Morisaki, N., Laopaiboon, M., Lumbiganon, P., Zhang, J., ... & WHO Multicountry Survey on Maternal Newborn Health Research Network. (2014). Pregnancy and childbirth outcomes among adolescent mothers: a W orld H ealth O rganization multicountry study. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 121, 40-48. https://doi.org/10.1111/1471-0528.12630
  • 4. Fleming, N., Ng, N., Osborne, C., Biederman, S., Yasseen III, A. S., Dy, J., ... & Walker, M. (2013). Adolescent pregnancy outcomes in the province of Ontario: a cohort study. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada, 35(3), 234-245. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1701-2163(15)30995-6
  • 5. Amjad, S., MacDonald, I., Chambers, T., Osornio‐Vargas, A., Chandra, S., Voaklander, D., & Ospina, M. B. (2019). Social determinants of health and adverse maternal and birth outcomes in adolescent pregnancies: a systematic review and meta‐analysis. Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology, 33(1), 88-99. https://doi.org/10.1111/ppe.12529
  • 6. Westenberg, L., van der Klis, K. A., Chan, A., Dekker, G., & Keane, R. J. (2002). Aboriginal teenage pregnancies compared with non‐Aboriginal in South Australia 1995–1999. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 42(2), 187-192. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0004-8666.2002.00187.x
  • 7. Zhang T, Wang H, Wang X, Yang Y, Zhang Y, Tang Z, & Wang L, The adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes of adolescent pregnancy: a cross sectional study in Hebei, China. BMC pregnancy and childbirth, 2020; 20(1), 339. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12884-020-03022-7
  • 8. https://hasuder.org.tr/turkiye-nufus-ve-saglik-arastirmasi-2018-ne-soyluyor/ Erişim tarihi: 22.10.2021
  • 9. Altan Sarıkaya, N. & Akçam, M. (2021). Hemşirelik Son Sınıf Öğrencilerinin İletişim Becerileri ve Sürekli Kaygı Durumları . Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi , 10 (3) , 458-464 . DOI: 10.37989/gumussagbil.786937
  • 10. Bulut, A. G. S. , Gürkan, Y. D. D. A. & Sevil, P. D. Ü. (2008). Adölesan Gebelikler . Sosyal Politika Çalışmaları Dergisi , 13 (13) , 37-44 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/spcd/issue/21113/227407
  • 11. Spielberger CD. Gorsuch RL, Lushene RE. Manual for the Saite-Trait Anxiety Inventory (self-evaluation guestionnaire). Palo Alto: Consulting Psychologists Press 1970.
  • 12. Gör Uslu, F. (2019). Adölesan Annelerin Sosyo-Demografik Özellikleri Ve Doğum Sonuçlarının Değerlendirilmesi (Master's thesis, Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü).
  • 13. Fulpagare PH, Saraswat A, Dinachandra K, Surani N, Parhi, RN, Bhattacharjee S, S S Purty A, Mohapatra B, Kejrewal N, Agrawal N, Bhatia V, Ruikar M, Gope RK, Murira Z, De Wagt A, & Sethi V, Antenatal Care Service Utilization Among Adolescent Pregnant Women-Evidence From Swabhimaan Programme in India. Frontiers in public health,2019; 7, 369. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2019.00369
  • 14. Turan T, Ceylan SS, & Teyikçi S, Annelerin düzenli prenatal bakım alma durumları ve etkileyen faktörler. Fırat Sağlık Hizmetleri Dergisi, 2008; 3(9), 157-172
  • 15. Öner S, et al. The Sociodemographic Factors Related with the Adolescent Pregnancy. Asian Pasific Journal of Reproduction 2012;1(2):135-42.
  • 16. Gönenç I, Vural ZT, & Yazıcıoğlu E, Gebelik öncesi bakım. Sendrom, 2000; 12, 65-73.
  • 17. Mutlu Çubuk M, Kadınların doğum tercihleri üzerine sağlık eğitiminin etkisi, 2014
  • 18. Oğuz, B. (2018). Adölesan ve yetişkin gebelerin doğum eyleminde öz-yeterliliklerinin belirlenmesi (Master's thesis, Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü).
  • 19. Gotlib IH, Whiffen VE, Mount JH, Milne K, Cordy NI. Prevalence rates and demografic characteristics associated with depression in pregnancy and the postpartum. J Consult Clin Psychol 1989Apr;57(2):269-274.
  • 20. Llewellyn AM, Stowe ZN, Nemeroff CB. Depression during pregnancy and the puerperium. J Clin Psychiatry 1997;58 Suppl 15:26-32
  • 21. Akbaş E, Vırıt O, Kalenderoğlu A, Savaş HA, Sertbaş G. Gebelikte sosyodemografik değişkenlerin kaygı ve depresyon düzeyleriyle ilişkisi. Nöropsikiyatri Arşivi 2008;45(3):85-91.
  • 22. Can H, & Çakır L, Gebelikte sosyodemografik değişkenlerin anksiyete ve depresyon düzeyleriyle ilişkisi. The Journal of Turkish Family Physician,2012; 3(2): 35-42.

Year 2022, Volume 13, Issue 3, 445 - 449, 01.07.2022
https://doi.org/10.31067/acusaglik.1071677

Abstract

References

  • 1. https://www.who.int/health-topics/adolescent-health#tab=tab_1 Erişim Tarihi: 24.10.2021
  • 2. Kawakita, T., Wilson, K., Grantz, K. L., Landy, H. J., Huang, C. C., & Gomez-Lobo, V. (2016). Adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes in adolescent pregnancy. Journal of pediatric and adolescent gynecology, 29(2), 130-136. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpag.2015.08.006.
  • 3. Ganchimeg, T., Ota, E., Morisaki, N., Laopaiboon, M., Lumbiganon, P., Zhang, J., ... & WHO Multicountry Survey on Maternal Newborn Health Research Network. (2014). Pregnancy and childbirth outcomes among adolescent mothers: a W orld H ealth O rganization multicountry study. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 121, 40-48. https://doi.org/10.1111/1471-0528.12630
  • 4. Fleming, N., Ng, N., Osborne, C., Biederman, S., Yasseen III, A. S., Dy, J., ... & Walker, M. (2013). Adolescent pregnancy outcomes in the province of Ontario: a cohort study. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada, 35(3), 234-245. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1701-2163(15)30995-6
  • 5. Amjad, S., MacDonald, I., Chambers, T., Osornio‐Vargas, A., Chandra, S., Voaklander, D., & Ospina, M. B. (2019). Social determinants of health and adverse maternal and birth outcomes in adolescent pregnancies: a systematic review and meta‐analysis. Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology, 33(1), 88-99. https://doi.org/10.1111/ppe.12529
  • 6. Westenberg, L., van der Klis, K. A., Chan, A., Dekker, G., & Keane, R. J. (2002). Aboriginal teenage pregnancies compared with non‐Aboriginal in South Australia 1995–1999. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 42(2), 187-192. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0004-8666.2002.00187.x
  • 7. Zhang T, Wang H, Wang X, Yang Y, Zhang Y, Tang Z, & Wang L, The adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes of adolescent pregnancy: a cross sectional study in Hebei, China. BMC pregnancy and childbirth, 2020; 20(1), 339. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12884-020-03022-7
  • 8. https://hasuder.org.tr/turkiye-nufus-ve-saglik-arastirmasi-2018-ne-soyluyor/ Erişim tarihi: 22.10.2021
  • 9. Altan Sarıkaya, N. & Akçam, M. (2021). Hemşirelik Son Sınıf Öğrencilerinin İletişim Becerileri ve Sürekli Kaygı Durumları . Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi , 10 (3) , 458-464 . DOI: 10.37989/gumussagbil.786937
  • 10. Bulut, A. G. S. , Gürkan, Y. D. D. A. & Sevil, P. D. Ü. (2008). Adölesan Gebelikler . Sosyal Politika Çalışmaları Dergisi , 13 (13) , 37-44 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/spcd/issue/21113/227407
  • 11. Spielberger CD. Gorsuch RL, Lushene RE. Manual for the Saite-Trait Anxiety Inventory (self-evaluation guestionnaire). Palo Alto: Consulting Psychologists Press 1970.
  • 12. Gör Uslu, F. (2019). Adölesan Annelerin Sosyo-Demografik Özellikleri Ve Doğum Sonuçlarının Değerlendirilmesi (Master's thesis, Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü).
  • 13. Fulpagare PH, Saraswat A, Dinachandra K, Surani N, Parhi, RN, Bhattacharjee S, S S Purty A, Mohapatra B, Kejrewal N, Agrawal N, Bhatia V, Ruikar M, Gope RK, Murira Z, De Wagt A, & Sethi V, Antenatal Care Service Utilization Among Adolescent Pregnant Women-Evidence From Swabhimaan Programme in India. Frontiers in public health,2019; 7, 369. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2019.00369
  • 14. Turan T, Ceylan SS, & Teyikçi S, Annelerin düzenli prenatal bakım alma durumları ve etkileyen faktörler. Fırat Sağlık Hizmetleri Dergisi, 2008; 3(9), 157-172
  • 15. Öner S, et al. The Sociodemographic Factors Related with the Adolescent Pregnancy. Asian Pasific Journal of Reproduction 2012;1(2):135-42.
  • 16. Gönenç I, Vural ZT, & Yazıcıoğlu E, Gebelik öncesi bakım. Sendrom, 2000; 12, 65-73.
  • 17. Mutlu Çubuk M, Kadınların doğum tercihleri üzerine sağlık eğitiminin etkisi, 2014
  • 18. Oğuz, B. (2018). Adölesan ve yetişkin gebelerin doğum eyleminde öz-yeterliliklerinin belirlenmesi (Master's thesis, Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü).
  • 19. Gotlib IH, Whiffen VE, Mount JH, Milne K, Cordy NI. Prevalence rates and demografic characteristics associated with depression in pregnancy and the postpartum. J Consult Clin Psychol 1989Apr;57(2):269-274.
  • 20. Llewellyn AM, Stowe ZN, Nemeroff CB. Depression during pregnancy and the puerperium. J Clin Psychiatry 1997;58 Suppl 15:26-32
  • 21. Akbaş E, Vırıt O, Kalenderoğlu A, Savaş HA, Sertbaş G. Gebelikte sosyodemografik değişkenlerin kaygı ve depresyon düzeyleriyle ilişkisi. Nöropsikiyatri Arşivi 2008;45(3):85-91.
  • 22. Can H, & Çakır L, Gebelikte sosyodemografik değişkenlerin anksiyete ve depresyon düzeyleriyle ilişkisi. The Journal of Turkish Family Physician,2012; 3(2): 35-42.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Public Environmental and Occupational Health
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Nursel ÜSTÜNDAĞ ÖCAL> (Primary Author)
YOZGAT BOZOK UNIVERSITY, .
0000-0002-4951-0613
Türkiye


İskender GÜN>
ERCIYES UNIVERSITY
0000-0001-7333-662X
Türkiye

Supporting Institution none
Publication Date July 1, 2022
Application Date February 11, 2022
Acceptance Date March 19, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 13, Issue 3

Cite

EndNote %0 Acıbadem Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi Evaluation of Sociodemographic Features and Anxiety Levels of Pregnant Adolescent and Adult Pregnancy %A Nursel Üstündağ Öcal , İskender Gün %T Evaluation of Sociodemographic Features and Anxiety Levels of Pregnant Adolescent and Adult Pregnancy %D 2022 %J Acıbadem Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi %P 1309-470X-1309-5994 %V 13 %N 3 %R doi: 10.31067/acusaglik.1071677 %U 10.31067/acusaglik.1071677