Research Article
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The Relationship Between Pregnancy Body Mass Index and Delivery Method and Postpartum Depression

Year 2024, Volume: 15 Issue: 1, 15 - 23, 31.01.2024
https://doi.org/10.31067/acusaglik.1202604

Abstract

Purpose: This study was carried out to evaluate the relationship between body mass indexes and delivery types of pregnant women and postpartum depression.
Method: The study is descriptive and cross-sectional and involved 164 postpartum women from February to June 2022. Among the inclusion criteria were the age of 20 or older, the fact that one is primiparous or multiparous, having given birth by vaginal birth or cesarean section, and having been in the postpartum period.
Results: The average age of the participants was 29.72±4.37, and the mean body mass index was 27.98±3.68. 54.6% of the participants are university graduates, the income of 83.4% is equal to their expenses, and 68.1% of them do not work in any job.. While there was a statistically significant relationship between income status and social security and depression status, there was no statistically significant relationship between body mass index and delivery type and postpartum depression (p< 0.05).
Conclusion: Although there was no association between postpartum depression and delivery type or body mass index, income status and social security did show a relationship.

Supporting Institution

Kırklareli Üniversitesi Bilimsel araştırmaları proje koordinatörlüğü

Thanks

We thank all mothers who gave birth and participated in this study. Also, we would like to thankKırklareli University Scientific Research Project Coordinator.

References

  • World Health Organization, “International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems”, ICD-10, I. World Health Organization, 2009.
  • Stuart-Parrigon, K., Stuart, S., “Perinatal depression: an update and overview”. Curr. Psychiatry Rep. 16 (9), 46 8–4 83, 2014. doi: 10.1007/s11920- 014- 0468- 6.
  • Shorey, S., Chee, C.Y.I., Ng, E.D., Chan, Y.H., San Tam, W.W., Chong, Y.S.,“Prevalence and incidence of postpartum depression among healthy mothers: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of psychiatric research”, 104, 235-248, 2018
  • Silverman, M. E., Smith, L., Lichtenstein, P., Reichenberg, A., & Sandin, S., “The association between body mass index and postpartum depression: A population-based study”. Journal of affective disorders, 240, 193-198, 2018.
  • Kızılırmak, A., Calpbinici, P., Tabakan, G., & Kartal, B., “Correlation between postpartum depression and spousal support and factors affecting postpartum depression”. Health care for women international, 42(12), 1325-1339, 2021.
  • Pamuk, G., & Güçlü, Y.A. “Prevalence and accompanying factors for postpartum depression symptoms”. Family Practice and Palliative Care, 7(1), 18-23, 2021.
  • Dennis, C.L., McQueen, K., “The relationship between infant-feeding outcomes and postpartum depression: a qualitative systematic review. ”Pediatrics 123, e736–e751, 2009.
  • Stein, A., Pearson, R.M., Goodman, S.H., Rapa, E., Rahman, A., McCallum, M., Howard, L.M., Pariante, C.M. “Effects of perinatal mental disorders on the fetus and child”. Lancet 384, 1800–1819, 2014.
  • Gutiérrez-Bedmar, M., Martínez, E.V., García-Rodríguez, A., Muñoz-Bravo, C., Mariscal, A., “Psychiatric status across body mass index in a Mediterranean Spanish population”. PLoS One 10 (12), e0145414 18, 2015.
  • Ha, H., Han, C., & Kim, B., “Can obesity cause depression? A pseudo-panel analysis”. Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, 50(4), 262, 2017.
  • Wimmelmann, CL, Lund, R, Christensen, U, Osler, M, Mortensen, EL. “Associations between obesity and mental distress in late midlife: results from a large Danish community sample”. BMC Obes. 3, 54 12, 2016.
  • Ilska, M., Banaś, E., Gregor, K., Brandt-Salmeri, A., Ilski, A., & Cnota, W. “Vaginal delivery or caesarean section–Severity of early symptoms of postpartum depression and assessment of pain in Polish women in the early puerperium”. Midwifery, 87, 102731, 2020.
  • Alshikh Ahmad, H., Alkhatib, A., & Luo, J. “Prevalence and risk factors of postpartum depression in the Middle East: a systematic review and meta–analysis”. BMC pregnancy and childbirth, 21(1), 1-12, 2021.
  • Cunningham F.G. and Leveno K.J., Williams Obstetrics, Lippincott Williams &.Wilkins, Philadelphia, Penn, USA, 23th edition, 2010
  • Dachew, B. A., Ayano, G., Betts, K., & Alati, R., “The impact of pre-pregnancy BMI on maternal depressive and anxiety symptoms during pregnancy and the postpartum period: A systematic review and meta-analysis”. Journal of Affective Disorders, 281, 321-330, 2021.
  • Atan, Ş. U., Ozturk, R., Satir, D. G., Çalim, S. I., Weller, B. K., Amanak, K., & Akercan, F. U. A. T., “Relation between mothers’ types of labor, birth interventions, birth experiences and postpartum depression: A multicentre follow-up study”. Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare, 18, 13-18, 2018.
  • Blom, E.A., Jansen, P.W., Verhulst, F.C., Hofman, Raat, A.H., Jaddoe, V.W.V., Cool-man, M., Steegers, E.A.P., Tiemeier, H., “Perinatal complications increase the risk of postpartum depression. The generation R study”. BJOG: Int. J. Obstet. Gynaecol. 117 (11), 1390–1398, 2010. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2010.02660.x .
  • Xu, H., Ding, Y., Ma, Y., Xin, X., Zhang, D., “Cesarean section and risk of postpar- tum depression: a meta-analysis”. J. Psychosomaticres. 97, 118–126. doi: 10.1016/ j.jpsychores.2017.04.016, 2017.
  • Moameri, H., Ostadghaderi, M., Khatooni, E., Doosti-Irani, A., “Association of postpartum depression and cesarean section: A systematic review and meta-analysis”. Clin. Epidemiol. Global Health 7 (3), 471–480. doi: 10.1016/j.cegh.2019. 02.009, 2019.
  • Alici-Evcimen, Y., Sudak, D., “Postpartum depression”. Primary Care Update for OB/GYNS 10, 210–216. doi: 10.1016/S1068-607X(03)0 0 052-0, 2003.
  • Kosi´nska-Kaczy´nska, K., Horosz, E., Wielgo ´s, M., Szymusik, I., “Affective disorders in the first week after the delivery: prevalence and risk factors”. Ginekolo- giaPolska 79, 182–185, 2008.
  • Sabuncuoglu, O., & Berkem, M., “Relationship between attachment style and depressive symptoms in postpartum women: findings from Turkey”. Turk Psikiyatri Dergisi, 17(4), 252, 2006.
  • Cox JL, Holden JM, Sagovsky R., “Detection of postnatal depression: Development of the 10-item Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) ”.Br J Psychiatry, 150: 782-6, 1987
  • Engindeniz AN, Küey L, Kültür S., “Edinburgh doğum sonrası depresyon ölçeği türkçe formu geçerlilik ve güvenilirlik çalışması”. Bahar Sempozyumları 1, Psikiyatri Derneği Yayınları, Ankara: p.51-2, 1997
  • Zanardo V, Giliberti L, Giliberti E, et al., “The role of elective and emergency cesarean delivery in maternal postpartum anhedonia, anxiety, and depression”. International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics 143: 374–378, 2018
  • Kim, Y. and Dee, V., “Sociodemographic and obstetric factors related to symptoms of postpartum depression in Hispanic women in rural California”. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing 47: 23–31, 2018
  • DeLuca, R.S., & Lobel, M., “Diminished control and unmet expectations: testing a model of adjustment to unplanned cesarean delivery”. Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy, 14(1), 183-204, 2014
  • Gaillard, A., Le Strat, Y., Mandelbrot, L., Keïta, H., & Dubertret, C., “Predictors of postpartum depression: Prospective study of 264 women followed during pregnancy and postpartum”. Psychiatry research, 215(2), 341-346, 2014
  • Eckerdal, P., Georgakis, M. K., Kollia, N., Wikström, A. K., Högberg, U., & Skalkidou, A., “Delineating the association between mode of delivery and postpartum depression symptoms: a longitudinal study”. Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica, 97(3), 301-311, 2018
Year 2024, Volume: 15 Issue: 1, 15 - 23, 31.01.2024
https://doi.org/10.31067/acusaglik.1202604

Abstract

References

  • World Health Organization, “International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems”, ICD-10, I. World Health Organization, 2009.
  • Stuart-Parrigon, K., Stuart, S., “Perinatal depression: an update and overview”. Curr. Psychiatry Rep. 16 (9), 46 8–4 83, 2014. doi: 10.1007/s11920- 014- 0468- 6.
  • Shorey, S., Chee, C.Y.I., Ng, E.D., Chan, Y.H., San Tam, W.W., Chong, Y.S.,“Prevalence and incidence of postpartum depression among healthy mothers: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of psychiatric research”, 104, 235-248, 2018
  • Silverman, M. E., Smith, L., Lichtenstein, P., Reichenberg, A., & Sandin, S., “The association between body mass index and postpartum depression: A population-based study”. Journal of affective disorders, 240, 193-198, 2018.
  • Kızılırmak, A., Calpbinici, P., Tabakan, G., & Kartal, B., “Correlation between postpartum depression and spousal support and factors affecting postpartum depression”. Health care for women international, 42(12), 1325-1339, 2021.
  • Pamuk, G., & Güçlü, Y.A. “Prevalence and accompanying factors for postpartum depression symptoms”. Family Practice and Palliative Care, 7(1), 18-23, 2021.
  • Dennis, C.L., McQueen, K., “The relationship between infant-feeding outcomes and postpartum depression: a qualitative systematic review. ”Pediatrics 123, e736–e751, 2009.
  • Stein, A., Pearson, R.M., Goodman, S.H., Rapa, E., Rahman, A., McCallum, M., Howard, L.M., Pariante, C.M. “Effects of perinatal mental disorders on the fetus and child”. Lancet 384, 1800–1819, 2014.
  • Gutiérrez-Bedmar, M., Martínez, E.V., García-Rodríguez, A., Muñoz-Bravo, C., Mariscal, A., “Psychiatric status across body mass index in a Mediterranean Spanish population”. PLoS One 10 (12), e0145414 18, 2015.
  • Ha, H., Han, C., & Kim, B., “Can obesity cause depression? A pseudo-panel analysis”. Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, 50(4), 262, 2017.
  • Wimmelmann, CL, Lund, R, Christensen, U, Osler, M, Mortensen, EL. “Associations between obesity and mental distress in late midlife: results from a large Danish community sample”. BMC Obes. 3, 54 12, 2016.
  • Ilska, M., Banaś, E., Gregor, K., Brandt-Salmeri, A., Ilski, A., & Cnota, W. “Vaginal delivery or caesarean section–Severity of early symptoms of postpartum depression and assessment of pain in Polish women in the early puerperium”. Midwifery, 87, 102731, 2020.
  • Alshikh Ahmad, H., Alkhatib, A., & Luo, J. “Prevalence and risk factors of postpartum depression in the Middle East: a systematic review and meta–analysis”. BMC pregnancy and childbirth, 21(1), 1-12, 2021.
  • Cunningham F.G. and Leveno K.J., Williams Obstetrics, Lippincott Williams &.Wilkins, Philadelphia, Penn, USA, 23th edition, 2010
  • Dachew, B. A., Ayano, G., Betts, K., & Alati, R., “The impact of pre-pregnancy BMI on maternal depressive and anxiety symptoms during pregnancy and the postpartum period: A systematic review and meta-analysis”. Journal of Affective Disorders, 281, 321-330, 2021.
  • Atan, Ş. U., Ozturk, R., Satir, D. G., Çalim, S. I., Weller, B. K., Amanak, K., & Akercan, F. U. A. T., “Relation between mothers’ types of labor, birth interventions, birth experiences and postpartum depression: A multicentre follow-up study”. Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare, 18, 13-18, 2018.
  • Blom, E.A., Jansen, P.W., Verhulst, F.C., Hofman, Raat, A.H., Jaddoe, V.W.V., Cool-man, M., Steegers, E.A.P., Tiemeier, H., “Perinatal complications increase the risk of postpartum depression. The generation R study”. BJOG: Int. J. Obstet. Gynaecol. 117 (11), 1390–1398, 2010. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2010.02660.x .
  • Xu, H., Ding, Y., Ma, Y., Xin, X., Zhang, D., “Cesarean section and risk of postpar- tum depression: a meta-analysis”. J. Psychosomaticres. 97, 118–126. doi: 10.1016/ j.jpsychores.2017.04.016, 2017.
  • Moameri, H., Ostadghaderi, M., Khatooni, E., Doosti-Irani, A., “Association of postpartum depression and cesarean section: A systematic review and meta-analysis”. Clin. Epidemiol. Global Health 7 (3), 471–480. doi: 10.1016/j.cegh.2019. 02.009, 2019.
  • Alici-Evcimen, Y., Sudak, D., “Postpartum depression”. Primary Care Update for OB/GYNS 10, 210–216. doi: 10.1016/S1068-607X(03)0 0 052-0, 2003.
  • Kosi´nska-Kaczy´nska, K., Horosz, E., Wielgo ´s, M., Szymusik, I., “Affective disorders in the first week after the delivery: prevalence and risk factors”. Ginekolo- giaPolska 79, 182–185, 2008.
  • Sabuncuoglu, O., & Berkem, M., “Relationship between attachment style and depressive symptoms in postpartum women: findings from Turkey”. Turk Psikiyatri Dergisi, 17(4), 252, 2006.
  • Cox JL, Holden JM, Sagovsky R., “Detection of postnatal depression: Development of the 10-item Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) ”.Br J Psychiatry, 150: 782-6, 1987
  • Engindeniz AN, Küey L, Kültür S., “Edinburgh doğum sonrası depresyon ölçeği türkçe formu geçerlilik ve güvenilirlik çalışması”. Bahar Sempozyumları 1, Psikiyatri Derneği Yayınları, Ankara: p.51-2, 1997
  • Zanardo V, Giliberti L, Giliberti E, et al., “The role of elective and emergency cesarean delivery in maternal postpartum anhedonia, anxiety, and depression”. International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics 143: 374–378, 2018
  • Kim, Y. and Dee, V., “Sociodemographic and obstetric factors related to symptoms of postpartum depression in Hispanic women in rural California”. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing 47: 23–31, 2018
  • DeLuca, R.S., & Lobel, M., “Diminished control and unmet expectations: testing a model of adjustment to unplanned cesarean delivery”. Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy, 14(1), 183-204, 2014
  • Gaillard, A., Le Strat, Y., Mandelbrot, L., Keïta, H., & Dubertret, C., “Predictors of postpartum depression: Prospective study of 264 women followed during pregnancy and postpartum”. Psychiatry research, 215(2), 341-346, 2014
  • Eckerdal, P., Georgakis, M. K., Kollia, N., Wikström, A. K., Högberg, U., & Skalkidou, A., “Delineating the association between mode of delivery and postpartum depression symptoms: a longitudinal study”. Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica, 97(3), 301-311, 2018

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Ayça ŞOLT 0000-0001-6733-5348

Derya KANZA GÜL 0000-0001-8879-9299

Project Number KLU BAP-225
Publication Date January 31, 2024
Submission Date November 11, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2024Volume: 15 Issue: 1

Cite

EndNote ŞOLT A, KANZA GÜL D (January 1, 2024) The Relationship Between Pregnancy Body Mass Index and Delivery Method and Postpartum Depression. Acıbadem Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 15 1 15–23.