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The Relationship Between Mediterranean Diet Adherence and Mindful Eating Among Individuals With High Education Level

Yıl 2021, Cilt 12, Sayı 4, 737 - 742, 29.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.31067/acusaglik.925761

Öz

Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the adherence to the Mediterranean diet and mindful eating of individuals with a high level of education. Methods: This study conducted between November 2019 and March 2020 with 188 academicians participation. General information form, Mediterranean diet adherence scale (MEDAS) and mindful eating scale (MEQ-30) were used in the data collection. The data were collected via face to face interview method by the researcher. Results: The mean age of the participants was 33.95 ± 11.97 years (range: 22-65 years). According to the findings, majority of the participants (56.4%) showed low adherence to the Mediterranean diet and 73.9% of them had higher mindful eating. Besides, although the difference were not significant, participants with high adherence to the Mediterranean diet had higher MEQ-30 scores and higher BMI (p>0.05). The MEDAS score has positively correlated with the dimensions of the MEQ. As the disinhibition, the emotional eating, the control of eating, the mindfulness and the interference increased of the individual, the adherence to the Mediterranean diet increased simultaneously (p<0.05). Conclusion: It is obvious that higher education level may be a predictive factor of mindful eating in company with compliance to the Mediterranean diet. These two eating attitudes may have beneficial effects on BMI and eating patterns of an individual which would result in weight loss and better health status.

Kaynakça

  • 1. Keys A, Menotti A, Karvonen MJ, Aravanis C, Blackburn R, Djordjevic BS, et al. The diet and 15-year death rate in the Seven Countries Study The Diet And 15-Year Death Rate In The Seven Countries Study. 1986;124(January 1987):903–15. DOI:10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a114480
  • 2. Saulle R, La Torre G. The Mediterranean Diet, recognized by UNESCO as a cultural heritage of humanity. Ital J Public Health. 2010;7(4):414–5. DOI:10.2427/5700
  • 3. Stefler D, Malyutina S, Kubinova R, Pajak A, Peasey A, Pikhart H, et al. Mediterranean diet score and total and cardiovascular mortality in Eastern Europe: the HAPIEE study. Eur J Nutr. 2017;56(1):421–9. DOI:10.1007/s00394-015-1092-x
  • 4. Burlingame B, Dernini S. Sustainable diets: the Mediterranean diet as an example. Public Health Nutr. 2011;14(12 A):2285–7. DOI:10.1017/S1368980011002527
  • 5. Moor KR, Scott AJ, McIntosh WD. Mindful Eating and Its Relationship to Body Mass Index and Physical Activity Among University Students. Mindfulness (N Y). 2013;4(3):269–74. DOI:10.1007/s12671-012-0124-3
  • 6. Köse G, Tayfur M, Bİrİncİoğlu İ, Dönmez A. Yeme Farkındalığı Ölçeği ’ ni Türkçeye Uyarlama Çalışması. Bilişsel Davranışçı Psikoterapi ve Araştırmalar Derg. 2016;3(27):125–34. DOI:10.5455/JCBPR.250644
  • 7. Çolak H, Aktaç Ş. Ağırlık Yönetimine Yeni Bir Yaklaşım : Yeme Farkındalığı A New Approach to Weight Management : Mindful Eating. Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilim Fakültesi Dergisİ. 2019;3(3):212–22. Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/amusbfd/issue/49133/549387
  • 8. Özkan N, Bilici S. Yeme DavranışındaYeni̇ Yaklaşimlar:Sezgi̇sel Yeme Ve Yeme Farkindaliği. Gazi Sağlık Bilim Derg [Internet]. 2018;3(2):16–24. Retrieved from: https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/gsbdergi/issue/37812/432979
  • 9. Cavaliere A, De Marchi E, Banterle A. Healthy-unhealthy weight and time preference. Is there an association? An analysis through a consumer survey. Appetite [Internet]. 2014;83:135–43. DOI:10.1016/j.appet.2014.08.011
  • 10. Cavaliere A, De Marchi E, Banterle A. Exploring the adherence to the mediterranean diet and its relationship with individual lifestyle: The role of healthy behaviors, pro-environmental behaviors, income, and education. Nutrients. 2018;10(2). DOI:10.3390/nu10020141
  • 11. Mohtadi K, Msaad R, Benalioua N, Jafri A, Meftah H, Elkardi Y, et al. Sociodemographic and Lifestyle Factors Associated with Adherence to Mediterranean Diet in Representative Adult Population in Casablanca City, Morocco: A Cross-Sectional Study. J Nutr Metab. 2020 Mar;2020:3105271. DOI:10.1155/2020/3105271
  • 12. Darmon N, Drewnowski A. Does social class predict diet quality ? Am J Clin Nutr. 2008;87(5): 1107-1117. DOI:10.1093/ajcn/87.5.1107.
  • 13. WHO. Physical activity. World Health Organization. 2020. [Internet] Retrieved from: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/physical-activity Accessed April 15, 2021.
  • 14. WHO. WHO Europe Nutrition - Body mass index - BMI [Internet]. World Health Organization. 2018. Retrieved from: https://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/disease-prevention/nutrition/a-healthy-lifestyle/body-mass-index-bmi Acessed April 15, 2021.
  • 15. Whichelow MJ, Prevost AT. Dietary patterns and their associations with demographic, lifestyle and health variables in a random sample of British adults. Br J Nutr. 1996;76(1):17–30. DOI:10.1079/bjn19960006
  • 16. Affret A, Severi G, Dow C, Rey G, Delpierre C, Boutron-Ruault MC, et al. Socio-economic factors associated with a healthy diet: Results from the E3N study. Public Health Nutr. 2017;20(9):1574–83. DOI:10.1017/S1368980017000222
  • 17. Maugeri A, Barchitta M, Fiore V, Rosta G, Favara G, La Mastra C, et al. Determinants of adherence to the mediterranean diet: Findings from a cross-sectional study in women from Southern Italy. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019;16(16):1–14. DOI:10.3390/ijerph16162963
  • 18. González CA, Argilaga S, Agudo A, Amiano P, Barricarte A, Beguiristain JM, et al. Diferencias sociodemográficas en la adhesión al patrón de dieta mediterránea en poblaciones de España. Gac Sanit. 2002;16(3):214–21. DOI:10.1016/S0213-9111(02)71664-6
  • 19. Filippidis FT, Tzavara C, Dimitrakaki C, Tountas Y. Compliance with a healthy lifestyle in a representative sample of the Greek population: Preliminary results of the Hellas Health I study. Public Health [Internet]. 2011;125(7):436–41. Available from: DOI:10.1016/j.puhe.2011.03.009
  • 20. Kyriacou A, Evans JMM, Economides N, Kyriacou A. Adherence to the Mediterranean diet by the Greek and Cypriot population: A systematic review. Eur J Public Health. 2015;25(6):1012–8. DOI:10.1093/eurpub/ckv124
  • 21. Arcila-Agudelo AM, Ferrer-Svoboda C, Torres-Fernàndez T, Farran-Codina A. Determinants of adherence to healthy eating patterns in a population of children and adolescents: Evidence on the mediterranean diet in the city of mataró (catalonia, spain). Nutrients. 2019;11(4):1–13. DOI:10.3390/nu11040854
  • 22. Rossi M, Negri E, Bosetti C, Dal Maso L, Talamini R, Giacosa A, et al. Mediterranean diet in relation to body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio. Public Health Nutr. 2008;11(2):214–7. DOI:10.1017/S1368980007000833
  • 23. Henríquez Sánchez P, Ruano C, De Irala J, Ruiz-Canela M, Martínez-González MA, Sánchez-Villegas A. Adherence to the Mediterranean diet and quality of life in the SUN Project. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2012;66(3):360–8. DOI:10.1038/ejcn.2011.146
  • 24. Köse G. Üniversite Öğrencilerinin Yeme Farkındalığının Üzerine Bir Araştırma. Master Dissertation Baskent University. 2017. Retrieved from: http://acikerisim.baskent.edu.tr/handle/11727/2651
  • 25. Czepczor-Bernat K, Brytek-Matera A, Gramaglia C, Zeppegno P. The moderating effects of mindful eating on the relationship between emotional functioning and eating styles in overweight and obese women. Eat Weight Disord [Internet]. 2020;25(4):841–9. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40519-019-00740-6
  • 26. Daly P, Pace T, Berg J, Menon U, Szalacha LA. A mindful eating intervention: A theory-guided randomized anti-obesity feasibility study with adolescent Latino females. Complement Ther Med [Internet]. 2016;28:22–8. Available from: DOI:10.1016/j.ctim.2016.07.006
  • 27. Ayyıldız Atak ND. Akdeniz Diyetine Bağlılıkla Yeme Farkındalığı ve Sezgisel Yeme Farkındalığı Arasındaki İlişkinin Değerlenidirilmesi. Master Dissertation Acıbadem Mehmet Ali Aydınlar University 2020.

Yıl 2021, Cilt 12, Sayı 4, 737 - 742, 29.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.31067/acusaglik.925761

Öz

Kaynakça

  • 1. Keys A, Menotti A, Karvonen MJ, Aravanis C, Blackburn R, Djordjevic BS, et al. The diet and 15-year death rate in the Seven Countries Study The Diet And 15-Year Death Rate In The Seven Countries Study. 1986;124(January 1987):903–15. DOI:10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a114480
  • 2. Saulle R, La Torre G. The Mediterranean Diet, recognized by UNESCO as a cultural heritage of humanity. Ital J Public Health. 2010;7(4):414–5. DOI:10.2427/5700
  • 3. Stefler D, Malyutina S, Kubinova R, Pajak A, Peasey A, Pikhart H, et al. Mediterranean diet score and total and cardiovascular mortality in Eastern Europe: the HAPIEE study. Eur J Nutr. 2017;56(1):421–9. DOI:10.1007/s00394-015-1092-x
  • 4. Burlingame B, Dernini S. Sustainable diets: the Mediterranean diet as an example. Public Health Nutr. 2011;14(12 A):2285–7. DOI:10.1017/S1368980011002527
  • 5. Moor KR, Scott AJ, McIntosh WD. Mindful Eating and Its Relationship to Body Mass Index and Physical Activity Among University Students. Mindfulness (N Y). 2013;4(3):269–74. DOI:10.1007/s12671-012-0124-3
  • 6. Köse G, Tayfur M, Bİrİncİoğlu İ, Dönmez A. Yeme Farkındalığı Ölçeği ’ ni Türkçeye Uyarlama Çalışması. Bilişsel Davranışçı Psikoterapi ve Araştırmalar Derg. 2016;3(27):125–34. DOI:10.5455/JCBPR.250644
  • 7. Çolak H, Aktaç Ş. Ağırlık Yönetimine Yeni Bir Yaklaşım : Yeme Farkındalığı A New Approach to Weight Management : Mindful Eating. Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilim Fakültesi Dergisİ. 2019;3(3):212–22. Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/amusbfd/issue/49133/549387
  • 8. Özkan N, Bilici S. Yeme DavranışındaYeni̇ Yaklaşimlar:Sezgi̇sel Yeme Ve Yeme Farkindaliği. Gazi Sağlık Bilim Derg [Internet]. 2018;3(2):16–24. Retrieved from: https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/gsbdergi/issue/37812/432979
  • 9. Cavaliere A, De Marchi E, Banterle A. Healthy-unhealthy weight and time preference. Is there an association? An analysis through a consumer survey. Appetite [Internet]. 2014;83:135–43. DOI:10.1016/j.appet.2014.08.011
  • 10. Cavaliere A, De Marchi E, Banterle A. Exploring the adherence to the mediterranean diet and its relationship with individual lifestyle: The role of healthy behaviors, pro-environmental behaviors, income, and education. Nutrients. 2018;10(2). DOI:10.3390/nu10020141
  • 11. Mohtadi K, Msaad R, Benalioua N, Jafri A, Meftah H, Elkardi Y, et al. Sociodemographic and Lifestyle Factors Associated with Adherence to Mediterranean Diet in Representative Adult Population in Casablanca City, Morocco: A Cross-Sectional Study. J Nutr Metab. 2020 Mar;2020:3105271. DOI:10.1155/2020/3105271
  • 12. Darmon N, Drewnowski A. Does social class predict diet quality ? Am J Clin Nutr. 2008;87(5): 1107-1117. DOI:10.1093/ajcn/87.5.1107.
  • 13. WHO. Physical activity. World Health Organization. 2020. [Internet] Retrieved from: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/physical-activity Accessed April 15, 2021.
  • 14. WHO. WHO Europe Nutrition - Body mass index - BMI [Internet]. World Health Organization. 2018. Retrieved from: https://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/disease-prevention/nutrition/a-healthy-lifestyle/body-mass-index-bmi Acessed April 15, 2021.
  • 15. Whichelow MJ, Prevost AT. Dietary patterns and their associations with demographic, lifestyle and health variables in a random sample of British adults. Br J Nutr. 1996;76(1):17–30. DOI:10.1079/bjn19960006
  • 16. Affret A, Severi G, Dow C, Rey G, Delpierre C, Boutron-Ruault MC, et al. Socio-economic factors associated with a healthy diet: Results from the E3N study. Public Health Nutr. 2017;20(9):1574–83. DOI:10.1017/S1368980017000222
  • 17. Maugeri A, Barchitta M, Fiore V, Rosta G, Favara G, La Mastra C, et al. Determinants of adherence to the mediterranean diet: Findings from a cross-sectional study in women from Southern Italy. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019;16(16):1–14. DOI:10.3390/ijerph16162963
  • 18. González CA, Argilaga S, Agudo A, Amiano P, Barricarte A, Beguiristain JM, et al. Diferencias sociodemográficas en la adhesión al patrón de dieta mediterránea en poblaciones de España. Gac Sanit. 2002;16(3):214–21. DOI:10.1016/S0213-9111(02)71664-6
  • 19. Filippidis FT, Tzavara C, Dimitrakaki C, Tountas Y. Compliance with a healthy lifestyle in a representative sample of the Greek population: Preliminary results of the Hellas Health I study. Public Health [Internet]. 2011;125(7):436–41. Available from: DOI:10.1016/j.puhe.2011.03.009
  • 20. Kyriacou A, Evans JMM, Economides N, Kyriacou A. Adherence to the Mediterranean diet by the Greek and Cypriot population: A systematic review. Eur J Public Health. 2015;25(6):1012–8. DOI:10.1093/eurpub/ckv124
  • 21. Arcila-Agudelo AM, Ferrer-Svoboda C, Torres-Fernàndez T, Farran-Codina A. Determinants of adherence to healthy eating patterns in a population of children and adolescents: Evidence on the mediterranean diet in the city of mataró (catalonia, spain). Nutrients. 2019;11(4):1–13. DOI:10.3390/nu11040854
  • 22. Rossi M, Negri E, Bosetti C, Dal Maso L, Talamini R, Giacosa A, et al. Mediterranean diet in relation to body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio. Public Health Nutr. 2008;11(2):214–7. DOI:10.1017/S1368980007000833
  • 23. Henríquez Sánchez P, Ruano C, De Irala J, Ruiz-Canela M, Martínez-González MA, Sánchez-Villegas A. Adherence to the Mediterranean diet and quality of life in the SUN Project. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2012;66(3):360–8. DOI:10.1038/ejcn.2011.146
  • 24. Köse G. Üniversite Öğrencilerinin Yeme Farkındalığının Üzerine Bir Araştırma. Master Dissertation Baskent University. 2017. Retrieved from: http://acikerisim.baskent.edu.tr/handle/11727/2651
  • 25. Czepczor-Bernat K, Brytek-Matera A, Gramaglia C, Zeppegno P. The moderating effects of mindful eating on the relationship between emotional functioning and eating styles in overweight and obese women. Eat Weight Disord [Internet]. 2020;25(4):841–9. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40519-019-00740-6
  • 26. Daly P, Pace T, Berg J, Menon U, Szalacha LA. A mindful eating intervention: A theory-guided randomized anti-obesity feasibility study with adolescent Latino females. Complement Ther Med [Internet]. 2016;28:22–8. Available from: DOI:10.1016/j.ctim.2016.07.006
  • 27. Ayyıldız Atak ND. Akdeniz Diyetine Bağlılıkla Yeme Farkındalığı ve Sezgisel Yeme Farkındalığı Arasındaki İlişkinin Değerlenidirilmesi. Master Dissertation Acıbadem Mehmet Ali Aydınlar University 2020.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Beslenme ve Diyetetik
Bölüm Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

Halide YILDIRIM Bu kişi benim
İSTİNYE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-1733-6323
Türkiye


Irem KAYA CEBİOGLU (Sorumlu Yazar)
YEDİTEPE ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SAĞLIK BİLİMLERİ FAKÜLTESİ, BESLENME VE DİYETETİK BÖLÜMÜ
0000-0002-0135-2011
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 29 Eylül 2021
Başvuru Tarihi 22 Nisan 2021
Kabul Tarihi 16 Mayıs 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 12, Sayı 4

Kaynak Göster

EndNote %0 Acıbadem Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi The Relationship Between Mediterranean Diet Adherence and Mindful Eating Among Individuals With High Education Level %A Halide Yıldırım , Irem Kaya Cebioglu %T The Relationship Between Mediterranean Diet Adherence and Mindful Eating Among Individuals With High Education Level %D 2021 %J Acıbadem Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi %P 1309-470X-1309-5994 %V 12 %N 4 %R doi: 10.31067/acusaglik.925761 %U 10.31067/acusaglik.925761